Tooth Cavities: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and How to Prevent

Tooth Cavities: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, and How to Prevent

Tooth cavities are one of the most common dental problems experienced by not only children but also adults. They are the results from a decayed or damaged tooth. Basically, tooth cavities are holes that form in your tooth. It can destroy not only the outer layer, which is the enamel of your tooth, but also the inner part which is called the dentin. Tooth cavities start small and eventually grows bigger if remained untreated.


tooth cavities


What are the symptoms of tooth cavities?

Normally, tooth cavities do not cause pain in the beginning. Therefore, it is hard to identify if you have one without going for a dental checkup. However, here are some symptoms that can be a sign of tooth cavities:

  • Black or white staining on tooth
  • Visible hole or pits on tooth
  • Tooth sensitivity
  • Toothache


What causes tooth cavities?

The main cause of tooth cavities is plaque. Plaque is a sticky substance that contains a mixture of bacteria, saliva, acid, and food substances left in your mouth. This plaque can form easily after you consume anything sugary. When not brushed properly, plaque can gradually build up on your teeth and slowly destroys your enamel. As your enamel erodes, this increases a risk of tooth decay.


How can you treat tooth cavities?

If you have felt the above mentioned symptoms of tooth cavities, it is best to immediately get a dental checkup. Your dentist can do an oral examination to identify tooth cavities or you may also be asked to get an x-ray to spot more advanced tooth decays. Several treatment options are available depending on how severe your tooth cavities are.

Here are the range of dental treatments that your dentist may suggest:

Teeth fillings

Most often dentists will remove decayed tooth with a drill. Then, the dentist will seal your tooth with a filling, made from safe materials named composite. For one filling, it will take around 30-45 minutes in one visit.

Dental crowns

If your tooth is badly decayed, your dentist will likely suggest a dental crown to treat your damaged tooth. Your dentist will first remove the decayed part of your tooth and then he will place a replication of your tooth called crowns, made of porcelain or ceramics, over it. It will take 7-10 days for the treatment to be completed with around to 2-3 appointments.

Root canal

There are also cases where bacteria may infect your pulp and reach your nerves. When this becomes the problem, you will need a root canal treatment. Your dentist or endodontist, a specialist for this treatment, will clean out and remove the nerve tissues and decayed parts of your tooth using root canal files. After the cleaning out process is complete, the last step would be filling in the roots with a sealing material. In Some cases, your dentist will also require a dental crown as a finishing. It will take around 7-10 days for the treatment to be finished with 2-3 appointments with the dentist.

How to prevent tooth cavities?

Reduce the risk of having tooth cavities through this simple steps:

  1. Brush your teeth properly and regularly.
  2. Avoid sugary and acidic food and drinks.
  3. Floss daily.

Last but not least, it is best to have a regular dental checkup. This will help to detect any early signs of tooth cavities and to prevent any further dental problems. Book your next dental appointment with Rejuvie Dental Clinic in Bali.